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Hookworms are intestinal parasites of humans.
The two main species of hookworm that infect humans are Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus.
Once in the body, hookworms attach themselves to the intestinal walls, where they feed on your pet’s blood.
You should know how to get rid of hookworms in yard as infected individuals may be asymptomatic or experience abdominal pain, diarrhoea, anorexia, weight loss, and fatigue in addition to anemia.
Dogs and cats with hookworm infection may experience weakness, weight loss, itchy feet, diarrhea, and stunted growth.
Adult hookworms are shed in the animal’s feces, where the larvae enter the soil and infect other animals and humans.
How Long Do Hookworms Live In Your Garden?
3 to 4 weeks is the shelf life in the soil for all hookworm species.
If they fail to infect a host within this time, the hookworm larvae die.
The life expectancy of the larvae decreases in areas with direct sunlight.
In sunny, dry parts of your garden, hookworm larvae can be killed in as little as 2 hours of direct sunlight.
How to Get Rid of Hookworms in Yard?
1. Treating Infected Pets
Looking for how to get rid of hookworms in your yard, the first step is to kill the intestinal parasites in your pets.
Do this by using a pyrantel-containing dewormer.
Drugs known as anthelmintics are selectively toxic to the parasite and not the host.
They effectively kill parasitic hookworms but unfortunately only kill adult hookworms.
Hookworm larvae take two to three weeks to mature and produce worm eggs. This means that the drugs must be re-administered to cats and dogs after two to four weeks to kill any newly developed adults with a larva.
The antiparasitic must contain anthelmintic ingredients such as pyrantel, which paralyzes the worms until they are expelled from the body.
It should also be dewormed regularly at the first sign of infection and just in case.
Pyrantel pamoate is the best drug to kill all types of hookworm in pets.
Ask your veterinarian about a hookworm treatment program for your pet.
2. Clean Up Pet Feces
Hookworm eggs are transmitted from an infected animal through its feces.
To prevent eggs and larvae from infecting your garden soil, clean up your pet’s feces as soon as possible.
All feces must be removed from the garden immediately. plastic bags and wear gloves when handling them.
This should be done at least once a day or twice every 24 hours.
3. Application of Diatomaceous Earth (DE)
Diatomaceous earth is a natural substance made from small fossil organisms.
This is a natural, mineral-based pesticide that comes in powder form. It is a product of fossilized aquatic plants and contains magnesium, sodium, iron, calcium, silicon, and many other trace elements.
This substance absorbs water, dries, and kills hookworm larvae. This will greatly reduce the risk of hookworm infestation in your garden.
It is said to dry out and kill the hookworm larvae. It does this without affecting plants or beneficial microorganisms.
The best time to apply DE is after the rain or early in the morning when the garden is still dewy.
This makes it easier for the dust to adhere to leaves and
reduces airborne dust from the target area.
On the other hand, if it rains immediately after application, you may need to reapply the powder as it will not disperse as necessary but will follow the flow of the water.
You should follow the directions on the packaging when applying diatomaceous earth and make sure you wear a dust mask or respirator so you don’t inhale the dust.
Safety goggles are also recommended to keep dust particles out of sensitive eyes.
You should keep your pets and children away from the cleaning area for the same reasons until the dust settles.
Borax can be spread on bare soil to kill hookworms in the soil.
Use 10 pounds of borax (also called boric acid) to
kill hookworms in the soil and reduce the risk of infection.
Spread it on sandy or loamy areas of soil.
Spread a layer on top to ensure it covers the entire area, then wipes across the bottom to ensure it reaches any hookworms at whatever stage of their life cycle they are in.
Start by hosing down the dog park before applying the boric acid, then leave it on for 30 minutes to absorb.
You can then use a broom or stiff-bristled brush to sweep the surfaces and allow them to dry.
The best time to do this is when dry weather is forecast so rain doesn’t dilute the boric acid. Use the same solution to clean kennels and pens, even if your dogs are relieving themselves in a specific part of the yard.
If you have a serious hookworm infection in your yard you can use borax to kill it, but you will need to replant your lawn afterward.
5. Salt Water Solution
If you’re looking for a cheap method on how to get rid of hookworms in your yard, here’s your cheap fix.
A simple saltwater solution can be used to kill hookworm larvae on concrete, brick, or other paved surfaces.
Hookworm eggs can live on these surfaces for weeks, which is why decontaminating paved areas is just as important as treating your lawn and garden.
Using a stiff broom, rub the brine solution into the paved surface to ensure it gets into all cracks and joints.
Pay close attention to runoff – salt water kills grass and other plants.
Remember that salt poisons plants and soil, preventing future plant growth for months.
6. Eliminate Topsoil
This should be employed as a last resort in disposing of hookworm disease.
Endeavor to discard the topsoil out of your patio.
This will discard all hookworm eggs and hatchlings from the lawn.
You will need to destroy the nursery and scratch off more than one crawl of the dirt where hookworm hatchlings squirm in.
This opens this region to daylight, evaporates the dirt, and bears the cost of the likelihood to utilize borax.
Hookworm eggs require a piece of dampness, and the dryness will stifle them.
Try not to water the patio for certain days till you’re positive it has dried out totally.
This is an extravagant option because of the reality you’ll then, at that point, should truck in new soil.
This procedure should best be utilized assuming that various attempts have fizzled.
Can You Treat The Ground For Hookworms?
If you as of now have a hookworm issue, you’ll need to get your yard to dispose of the worms.
Borax once in a while works, however, it can likewise kill your grass.
You can likewise attempt a wide range of yard pesticides.
Your smartest option is to call an expert exterminator, notwithstanding, and see what stunts he might have at his disposal.
If you choose to act like a lone ranger, apply a fluid pesticide to moist grass at the rate suggested by the producer. Flood the region with 1/2 inch of water so the bug spray arrives at the dirt. On the off chance that applying a granular item, flood with 3/4 inch of water after application.
Keep pets and individuals off the yard until it’s totally dry after treatment.
Tidy up all creature droppings in your yard two times every day utilizing a little rake and scoop with a handle.
This will eliminate the eggs from your yard before they seal to reinfect your pets or you.
Spread sodium borate (Borax) over the sandy or muddy region of the yard to kill any excess eggs or hatchlings.
Try not to utilize the sodium borate in regions with plants or grass as it might hurt the plants.
Decrease or quit watering the region for a few days to allow it to dry out.
The eggs need clammy soil to keep developing and won’t make due also in dry soil.
Meanwhile, treat your pet with a dewormer as coordinated by your veterinarian if he has hookworms.
How Do You Stop Hookworms From Spreading?
Hookworm eggs are laid in the feces of an infected person.
If a contaminated person’s manure is used as manure, the eggs remain in the soil. They can then grow and hatch and give birth to young worms.
The young mature into a structure capable of infiltrating the skin of humans.
People living in regions with hot and humid environments where disinfecting and cleaning pose a hookworm risk, provided they go barefoot or otherwise allow their skin to come in direct contact with dirty soil.
Children playing on contaminated soil may also be at risk.
Try not to go barefoot in regions where hookworms are common and where dirt contamination can occur.
In non-industrialized countries, clusters with an increased risk of contamination by hookworm are often treated without prior examination of the feces.
You can also prevent hookworm problems by watching what your pet eats.
Keep your pets away from these delicious abstract treats.
How do I clean my house of hookworms?
Inside, the floor should be vacuumed and cleaned with a generally usable cleaner.
Litter boxes and bedding should be cleaned and washed.
Use a softened fade to clean surfaces.
All animals in the home must be dewormed together to ensure all contaminated animals are eliminated.
High heat is the most effective way to kill parasites, their offspring, and microscopic organisms.