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Spring is fast approaching and every gardener must start the preparations ahead of time.
But how can you start without knowing what is required of you? If that’s your worry, then always know that we got you covered.
In this article, we will enlighten you on the essential gardening preparations that you need to do as well as how best to go about them.
Spring Gardening Tasks: Top 10
Below are the necessary gardening tasks that you must do to prepare your garden for the upcoming spring planting season.
1. Get Your Summer-Flowering Bulbs And Seeds Ready
As there are some necessary preparations that you must undergo, the first one should be to order your summer-flowering bulbs, plants, and seeds which you will be using during the early-spring planting season. Such flowers include lilies, gladioli, and ranunculus.
You can browse and order these flowers on numerous gardening websites. Also, look out for new varieties of seeds that you will be interested to try out during the planting.
2. Clean Up Your Gardening Flower Beds And Borders
The next step that you should take is to check your garden flower beds and borders and ensure that there is no form of dirt.
However, if you notice any unwanted dirt, do well to clean it up immediately. Remove the leaves as well as any plant debris left behind from the previous garden exercise.
After removing all the dirt, dispose of them in your garden or the community compost pile or bin.
If you still notice any weeds, don’t dispose of them as the seeds might germinate thereby causing future problems. The most preferred remedy is to burn them.
Furthermore, if the soil is good, you can dig a 5 cm layer of organic matter into the empty garden borders such as well-rotted manure, compost, or any recycled green waste.
Read Also: Best Gardening Tools For Arthritic Hands
3. Tidy And Clean Your Greenhouse
To start another new planting during the spring, you just need to ensure that the Greenhouse is well- tidy up and ready for the seedlings as well as the cuttings of spring.
But should you notice any form of dirt, all you have to do is to wash the external part of your greenhouse with disinfectant or detergent (Jeyes Fluid) to remove algae, moss, and any other dirt.
Also, ensure you make room for more light which is highly needed during the commencement of the planting.
Furthermore, disinfect the inside of the glass, overwintering pests and diseases as it will help for a successful spring planting season.
Immediately you finish all that concerns your greenhouse, do well to further inspect the structure for any damage to glass or vents, and replace any broken parts.
4. Conduct A Soil Test
For a plant to grow effectively, there is a need for the soil on which it is planted to have all the basic nutrients that it should.
So, therefore, before the next planting season is near, you need to run a test on the soil. Such tests include pH level tests, soil type tests, and the level of damage that the previous planting season might have caused on the soil. Preferably, you can start with testing for pH level.
If after the test, you noticed that there is a great deficiency in the soil. Do well to commence treatment as soon as possible. You should add nutrients to the soil to cause a balance.
Furthermore, if you observe that your soil has very high phosphorus, then it is a sign that you should avoid adding any form of fertilizer that has too much of it to the soil.
Also, if the result proves that your soil is naturally alkaline, then it depicts that you need to add aluminum sulfate around your evergreen plants.
5. Fertilize Flowers And Shrubs
It is highly recommended that before any planting season, you must have started researching the best flowers and shrubs to plant in your garden.
So have you made your choice? If you haven’t, then it is high time to start as spring is far approaching.
Whichever flower and shrub you pick to plant, there is a need for you to ensure that you fertilize them as soon as the leaves have breached the soil surface.
Different types of fertilizers are used on different species of plants. Just do proper research on what each of them requires.
If your plant requires a liquid application, then you should use a 10-10-10 ratio fertilizer at a rate of one pound per 100 square feet or 1 tablespoon per gallon for smaller gardens.
Also, slow-release fertilizer should be applied to mixed perennial beds especially during spring as soon as the green shoots become invisible.
This will help them acquire strong roots, colorful flowers, and vibrant, healthy foliage. Just like the liquid fertilizer, use a 10-10-10 ratio for even nutrient distribution.
6. Sharpen Your Gardening Tools
When was the last time you sharpened your gardening tools?
Garden experts have highly recommended that you must sharpen your gardening tools before any gardening season begins. This will help to preserve your tools as well as get rid of any disease that might attack your plant at the cost of using it without cleaning and sharpening it.
To effectively get rid of any bacteria on your tools, you can use a strong detergent, hot water, and a scourer to give bladed tools a thorough clean.
Also, after sharpening your gardening tools, do well to apply some oil or WD40 to the blades and hinges.
7. Create A Composting Area
Every garden must have a space where all the dirt, damaged, or infested plants can be disposed of or burned.
So if you don’t have one in your garden, then start now to make provisions for it. You can get a compost bin or you can dig up a pit in your garden which must be far apart from your garden.
Also, having a compost area will help you to have enough natural manure especially when it breaks down after being exposed to sunlight for months or years. This is beneficial to the plant’s healthy growth.
8. Mulch Your Planting Area
You should try to get rid of any form of weed from your garden before you can start any planting.
These weeds should be mulched to a level of 2-3 inches thick beneath your trees and shrubs. You can also consider top-coating it to revamp the beauty of its colour.
9. Share The Perennials And Transplant Shrubs
When your plants have started growing, you must divide any transparent perennial plant that must have outgrown the space or grown much larger.
Preferably, I will recommend that you divide them and move them in opposite seasons. This means that you should move the summer and fall blooming perennials in the fall. Doing so will help to avoid any form of disruption in their respective cycles.
10. Maintain Fences, Gates, And Trellis
As winter is fast approaching, there is a need to run a quick check on all your garden fences, gates, and trellis. If there is any damage on them, do well to fix them.
Also, after the fixing must have been done. Don’t forget to clean them up with a power washer. This will help to remove any stubborn dirt, moss, and mildew which might affect your new seedlings when the planting commences.
1. What Are The Important Things In The Garden?
There are five important things that you should focus on when gardening which include sun, soil, spacing, water, and nutrients.
2. What Are The Steps To Make A Garden?
Below are the necessary steps. They are as follows:
A. Consider What to Plant.
B. Pick the Best Garden Spot.
C. Clear the Ground.
D. Test and Improve Your Soil.
E. Prepare Your Planting Beds.
F. Pick Your Plants.
G. Start Planting.
H. Water at the Right Time
3. What Is Spring Food?
Brussel’s sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celeriac, chicory, purple-sprouted broccoli, artichoke, leek, pak choi, parsnip, pepper, swede, sweet potato, and turnip are at their best this time of year, though they start to drop offseason come April.
4. Which Type Of Soil Is Best For Growing Plants?
Loamy soil is best for plant growth as it has high water retention capacity thus it retains water for a long time and also retains the nutrients which are required for plant growth.
As spring planting season is approaching, it is great for you to start making all the necessary preparations ahead of time especially these preparations which we have enlightened you about in this article.
We hope that it was helpful and you have a better knowledge of what steps to take.
All the best!